Qualified stenographers carry out Realtime Translation. With the use of a stenography machine the stenographer listens to the audio of the tutorial, types in what is heard and this is then transmitted to the student’s laptop screen (or even an iphone). This technology can provide an almost verbatim transposition of the tutorial. The technology allows for several lines of the text to be displayed on the screen almost instantaneously with the tutorial. This enables the student to keep up to speed with any demonstrations or presentations that may be being given. Captioning can be provided either on-site or remotely, which means the stenographer does not have to be in the classroom. This lends itself to a much less intrusive and much more inclusion education system. What is required from the University is Internet access in the classroom and small microphone for the tutor.
In the U.S. the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) specifically recognises CART as an assisting technology that ensures effective communication access in education. It is encouraging to see a leading University like Trinity College Dublin availing of a service such as this. The effective inclusion of children with disabilities in mainstream education is a complicated task. The use of assistive technology, such as CART, is a means of accommodating students with hearing impairments, as required by Irish Law.